Khovd /MONTSAME/ Rare exhibits as a sabre of Khatanbaatar Magsarjav that was used in the Khovd liberation from Chinese control in 1912 are preserved in Khovd aimag’s museum. Magsarjav (1877- 1927) was a Mongolian general and a leading figure in Mongolia’s struggle for independence. His contingent of 800 elite Mongol soldiers fought White Russian and Chinese forces over 30 times between 1912 and 1921. , without a single defeat. He served as acting prime minister from February 15, 1921 to March 13, 1921, under Roman Ungern von Sternberg’s puppet regime and then later as minister of the army in the 1920s.
After Mongolia’s declaration of independence in 1911, Magsarjav transmitted the new government’s demand to the Manchu ambans’ removal. After the amban’s refusal, in summer of 1912 Magsarjav and Damdinsuren were appointed commander of the army and were dispatched to liberate Khovd. On the night of 20 August 1912, Khovd was taken by the Mongolian army. Khatanbaatar Magsarjav used a sabre with curved blade and wolf engraving that belonged to XIII-XVI centuries and executioner’s sword of the Qing Empire. The sabre was listed on Mongolia’s invaluable heritages list. Magsarjav received the title Khatanbaatar from the Government of Bogd Khanate for his success in liberating Khovd town.