Destinations Close to Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia, located in central Mongolia. There is only one international airport. ChinggisKhaan airport is located about 20 km southwest of the city center. The famous Trans-Siberian railway connects Beijing with St.Petersburg via Mongolia, running through Ulaanbaatar. These are the only gates to Mongolia.
So, we are introducing some destinations and attractions near Ulaanbaatar suitable for tourists who want to visit Mongolia either for a long and short period, particularly for those who would like to see and experience the possibilities in one stopover.
Terelj National Park
The park lies 1600 m above sea level. The depths of the mountain forest are rich in wild animals, including boar, red deer, roe deer, fox, wolves, etc while birds of prey fly everywhere. Some parts of the national park are carpeted with edelweiss and other flowers. It’s the most famous destination close to Ulaanbaatar, both for locals and for tourists. Terelj National Park is located 70 km northeast of Ulaanbaatar. High, granite stone mountains, covered with forest, dominate the area. Fast flowing rivers and streams make the national park more beautiful. ” If you look around carefully, you can see stone figures of animals and other things created by nature in the stone. One famous example is : legendary Turtle Rock. Terelj National Park is a suitable place for horse riding, hiking, mountain climbing, rock climbing, rafting, flower watching or just relaxing in the beautiful nature.
Hustai National Park
The famous Takhi/Przewalski horses were discovered at the end of the 19th century by researcher Przewalski. Takhi/Przewalski horses, the only still-living wild ancestor of the domestic horse, once roamed the steppes of Central Asia and Europe. It was declared extinct in the wild at the end of the 1960s in Mongolia. Since 1992, a Dutch-Mongolian project has aimed to reintroduce the horses in the wild in their homeland. Reintroduction was successfully implemented in Hustai National Park, and now there are 260 wild horses pasturing freely in the wild.
The National Park is located 100 km southwest of Ulaanbaatar, covering over 50,000 hectares. In Mongolian, Hustai means “with birch”. This area is extremely rich in flora, fauna and historical remains, including 450 species of plants, 200 of which are medicinal. Wildlife includes 46 species of mammals, including red deer, roe deer,
wild boar, white-tailed gazelle, grey wolf, Eurasian lynx, red fox, Eurasian badger and wildcat/manual. There are also 161 species of birds such as crane, vulture, great bustard, black stork, eagle, falcon and great spotted woodpecker.
At its height, the monastery complex contained 20 temples and housed over 500 monks. Unfortunately, most of the temples were destroyed during the socialist purge in the 1930.
The surrounding area is covered with birch and pine trees, has clear fresh streams, and is dotted with granite boulders. The monastery is located 17 km north of Zuunmod, capital city of Tov province, 45 km south of Ulaanbaatar. It takes 1.5 hours to reach the monastery, while driving on paved roads through green valleys settled with nomads with their countless herds of sheep and goats, cows, horses and yaks.
Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex
The ChinggisKhaan Statue Complex is located 55 km east of Ulaanbaatar in the beautiful scenery of the Tuul River bank. In Mongolia, someone who finds a whip on the ground is considered lucky. In the Mongolian Secret History, ( a book written in the 13th century), the authors mentioned that Chinggis Khan found a whip in the area where the Statue Complex was built, when he was a child. The statue complex is 40 m high with a 10 m foundation. The statue of Chinggis Khaan holds a golden whip in his right hand while riding on his horse. Inside the Complex, there are restaurants, a conference hall, souvenir shops, a recreational area and a museum. Visitors will be able to stand on the neck of the horse, and can walk upstairs or use the elevator to see daunting views of the surroundings.
Sinse 1943, the monastery has been under state protection and was restored with the help of UNESCO. Now there are 28 temples of stunning architecture containing some rare religious items. Its main activity was regained in 1990, and since then the monks chant every day at the monastery. The monastery’s architecture is traditional, combined with the Chinese style, and is admired not only in Mongolia, but throughout Asia. It had 40 temples within a 157 by 207 m wall.Some of its temples contain huge numbers of rare religious relics, sutras, tankas and statues of Buddhas from over 200 years. Some were destroyed by the socialist purge of 1937-1938.
Amarbayasgalant Monastery is located in the beautiful valley of the Iven River at the foot of Burenkhan Mountain in Selenge province, 360 km north of Ulaanbaatar.
The monastery was built by order of a Manchu king, Enhamgalan, between 1726 and 1737, to show respect to Zanabazar, who was Mongolia’s first Bogd (first living Buddha) and the head of Mongolian Buddhism.
Visiting the Nomadic Family
Half of Mongolia’s population lives as nomads, dependent on their five kinds of animals: camels, sheep, goats, horses and cows including yaks.
Our company sets out visits (short and long term stay) with nomad families, the most hospitable people on earth. Tourists will have the opportunity to see their distinctive lifestyle, habits and traditions. You can even participate in nomads’ daily life. If tourists visit a nomad family once during the trip, they will want to visit them again, because they like the nomads’ distinctive lifestyle and feel their heartfelt hospitality.